Home sauna allows you to have a SPA treatment at any time without leaving your house.
Home sauna preparation and warm up is quick and energy costs are minimal.
The construction of a sauna in the bathroom will be cheaper than in any other place.
Sauna in the bathroom is a cabin in which the necessary microclimate is created. In the same cabin, three types of microclimate can be achieved:
Dry or Finnish sauna, the air in which is heated to 90-110°C (195-230 F). Relative air humidity at this temperature is approximately 10%. For comparison, in a typical room, this indicator is usually in the range of 40-60%. High temperature and dry air leads to intensive sweating.
Wet sauna - air is heated only to 70-90°C (160-195 F). But the relative humidity of the air is higher - 25-40%. To increase the humidity, water the hot stones laid in the compartment of the stove-heater.
Steam sauna - the temperature is even lower - 40-65°C (105-150 F). The air in the steam sauna is saturated with water vapor by a special steam generator. Steam sauna can be used for inhalation by adding herbal infusions. The microclimate in the steam sauna is comfortable for everyone, including children.
When choosing the microclimate parameters in the sauna, experts advise adhering to the "110 rule". According to this rule, the sum of the temperature and relative humidity should not exceed 110. For example, at a sauna temperature of 65°C (150 F), humidity should not exceed 45%.
The walls and the ceiling of the bathroom in the place of the sauna from the inside are insulated with mineral wool on the wall frame. Wooden lining of the sauna is more convenient to attach to the wooden crate.
The walls separating the sauna from the rest of the bathroom are assembled on a frame, similar to the way it is used for framing partitions. The insulation is laid in the walls of the cabin as well.
In order to quickly heat up the sauna and use less energy, the thermal insulation thickness of mineral wool is usually chosen within the range of 50-100 mm (2”-4”). For the same purposes, the height inside the sauna should not be made more than 2 m (80”).
For insulation, it is better to use slabs, rather than roll material. Mineral wool slabs are more dense and less prone to slipping on vertical surfaces.
Heat insulation from inside the sauna is covered with a heat-resistant vapor-proof film laminated with aluminum. The film prevents humidification of the insulation, and also protects the internal space of the sauna from mineral wool dust and other emissions from the insulation. The film is laid over the thermal insulation and the aluminum - inside the cabin. The joints and the places of film attachment to the frame are sealed with adhesive tape.
The thickness of the wooden lining inside the sauna (lining, block house) should be at least 12 mm (1/2”).
To ensure that the lining does not darken with time and to remain its attractive appearance, the tree is covered with a liquid heat-resistant compound specially designed for this purpose. Outside the frame of the cabin is covered with wood, plasterboard or other slab material, faced with ceramic tiles or plastic panels.
A more expensive version of the sauna is the production of a cabin entirely made of wood, without a heater. The walls of the cabin are laid out of a thin planed profiled log section of 40-80 x 140-180mm (2”-4” x 5” – 7”) laid on the edge. Walls from a log do not need additional protection by any films and compositions. Outside, log walls are decorated with vapor-permeable paints and varnishes. Between the wall of the bathroom and the log wall leave the ventilation slot ≥ 2 cm (3/4”).